学会誌

Hippophile(ヒポファイル) 和文雑誌

Hippophile No.45

第23回学術集会 シンポジウム「最近の乗馬事情を知ろう!」
23rd Scientific Sessions Symposium ‘Let's Learn the Recent Topics about Horse Riding!’

 

             講演 Lecture

            (1)パラ馬術世界選手権への挑戦
  The Challenge to Para Equestrian World Championships
  -それは神様からの贈り物- 浅川信正
  -A Gift from God- Nobumasa ASAKAWA

            (2)高校生とウマとの触れ合い (静内農業高校生の挑戦)
  Interaction between High School Students and Horses
  (Hokkaido Shizunai Agricultural High School Students Give it a Try)
  北村善春、杉本忠宏、加藤光代
  Yoshiharu KITAMURA, Tadahiro Sugimoto and Mitsuyo KATO

            (3)明日の馬術界を読む
  Envisioning the Equestrian World of Tomorrow
  -欧州事情を踏まえて- 北原広之
  -Learning from the European Situation- Hiroyuki KITAHARA

            (4)日本の乗用馬の今日そして明日
  The Future of Riding Horse Industry in Japan
  -Current State and Perspectives-
  藤田知己
  Tomomi FUJITA

             総合討論 Discussions

            お知らせ Information

           

            Journal of Equine Science Vol.22, No.2, June 2011 和文要約
Japanese Summary

            協賛団体名・賛助会員名簿
Groups Sponsor・Supporting Member

            Hippophile 投稿規程
Submissiom Rules

            編集後記
Editor's Note


日本の乗用馬のニーズは最近多様化してきているが、日本には古来から各地に根付いている馬文化と称される伝統行事が多数ある。その中でこの3月11日に起こった東日本大震災や福島第一原発事故によって多くのウマ達も被害に遭っている。特に福島では放射線物質の漏出・拡散により何等かの馬体への悪影響を被りながら祭り事に使われるウマ達もいる。この際、日本の馬研究者達はこのウマ達の生涯を科学的に調査・追求し、世界に類のない成績を日本から報告・発信する必要があると考える。この調査研究によって福島の馬達は、少なからず救われるのではなかろうか。是非日本の馬研究者と自認する者に調査・研究の早急な取り掛かりを提言したい。

            今号は、昨年開催されたシンポジウム『最近の乗馬事情を知ろう!』について特集号として編集しました。

            最近の日本乗馬界に種々な流れやジャンルが生じ、ウマの利活用が多様化している。そこで、このシンポジウム開催の目的は芽生えつつある乗馬ジャンルに焦点を絞り、5人のシンポジストにより今後の乗馬業界の有り方を模索しようとするものであった。

            浅川信正氏の「パラ馬術世界選手権への挑戦-それは神様からの贈り物-」は、パラエクストリアンとしての世界での活躍・成績やエピソード等からなる半世紀と今後の障害者乗馬に対する提言と個人的な思いを述べたものであった。

            北村善春、杉本忠宏、加藤光代氏の「高校生とウマとの触れ合い(静内農業高校生の挑戦)」は、校長先生である北村氏は学校の歴史や授業内容、そして馬事教育の変遷などの紹介。生徒である加藤氏からは日本の学校で障害者馬術研究班をつくり周辺地域での活動、乗馬交流。高校教諭である杉本氏からはサラブレッドの生産から育成を行っている内容紹介であった。

            北原広之氏の「明日の馬術界を読む-欧州事情を踏まえて-」は、日本のトップクラスの馬術ライダー達の世界での各種活動状況や成績から問題点として馬術の歴史と文化の差、生産の格差、スポーツとしてのメジャー化、馬術技術の差などを挙げ、今後の日本馬術界に問題点改善の努力の必要性と期待を述べた。

            藤田知己氏の「日本の乗用馬の今日そして明日」は、内国産乗用馬の厳しい生活環境の問題点を飼養状況、生産事例、流通経路、種牡馬や購買者状況等から分析し、近近の対応策として、活躍した複数の外国馬を種雄馬にし、更には選別して内国産種牡馬として組織的な作出を行う事を提言した。

            局教授や青木先生による総合討論では、多様化している乗用馬の組織的な作出には夢とロマンを持って立ち向かうのが日本の現状である事、海外活躍馬の凍結精子の導入、在来和種馬の有効活用などが主な話題となった。このシンポジウムを機会に乗用馬のニーズと生産を再考する事を期待して終わった。


While Japan's
            demand for riding horses is becoming more and more diverse these
            days, there is a horse culture in Japan consisting of numerous
            traditional events which have been a part of life in their respective
            areas since ancient times. Today there are many horses that are
            also suffering as a result of the Great East Japan Earthquake
            that occurred on March 11th and the resulting accident at the
            Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant. Especially in Fukushima,
            some horses are being exposed to some sort of negative physical
            influence from the leakage and radiation of radioactive substances
            while being used in ceremonial events. We believe that now is
            the time for Japanese equine researchers to scientifically investigate
            and follow up on these horses over their lifetimes and to report
            and disseminate those singular results to the world from Japan.
            The results of such investigative research will serve to at least
            ensure that the fate of these Fukushima horses will not be in
            vain. We would like to strongly recommend Japanese who see themselves
            as equine researchers to waste no time in commencing investigations
            and research. 

            This issue has been arranged
            in the form of a feature issue about the symposium held last
            year, “Let's
            Learn the Recent Topics about Horse Riding!”


            A variety of trends and genres
            are popping up in Japanese equestrian circles these days, and
            horses are being utilized in more and more ways. In this light,
            the purpose of this symposium was to focus on the continually
            growing genre of horseback riding and, by way of our five symposium
            presenters, explore the future shape of the equestrian industry.

            In Nobumasa Asakawaユs “The Challenge
            to Para Equestrian World Championships -
            A Gift from God,” the author describes
            his half century of involvement around the world as a paraequestrian,
            including his achievements and various experiences, and shares
            his recommendations and personal thoughts regarding the future
            of horseback riding for those with disabilities.

            In “Interaction
            between High School Students and Horses (Hokkaido Shizunai Agricultural
            High School Students Give it a Try)”
            by Yoshiharu Kitamura, Tadahiro Sugimoto, and Mitsuyo Kato, school
            principal Kitamura introduces the school's
            history and course content, as well as the changes in equestrian
            education and more. Kato, who is a student, created paraequestrian
            study groups in Japanese schools that engage in various activities
            and horseback riding get-togethers in neighboring areas. Sugimoto,
            a teacher at the high school, introduced how they are producing
            and raising thoroughbreds as part of an equestrian education
            designed to explore the possibilities for using horses and the
            taming methods exclusive to the agricultural high school, which
            is located in a thoroughbred producing mecca.

            In “Envisioning
            the Equestrian World of Tomorrow -
            Learning from the European Situation-”,
            Hiroyuki Kitahara writes from the perspective of the various
            worldwide activities and achievements of Japanユs
            top-class equestrian riders. He mentions as problem areas the
            differences in equestrian history and culture, the disparity
            in production, the development of horseback riding into a major
            sport, and the differences in equestrian techniques, and he tells
            of the need and anticipation for efforts to improve those problem
            areas in the Japanese equestrian world going forward. 

            Tomomi Fujita's
            “The Future of Riding Horse Industry
            in Japan -Current State and Perspectives-” analyzes the problem areas of the harsh
            production environment for domestic riding horses from the perspective
            of issues such as feeding, production case studies, distribution
            channels, breeding horses, and buyers. He recommends impending
            countermeasures in which several foreign-bred male horses who
            were formerly active are used as breeding horses, and also the
            systematic creation of new breeds, for which horses are selected
            and used as domestic breeding horses.

            In the comprehensive discussion
            by Professor Tsubone and Dr. Aoki, the main topics include the
            fact that standing up with dreams and romance against the systematic
            creation of new breeds of increasingly diverse riding horses
            is the current reality in Japan, as well as the issues of the
            introduction of frozen sperm from horses who are active overseas
            and the effective use of native Japanese breeding horses. The
            symposium ended with an expression of hope that participants
            would rethink the needs and production of riding horses. 

            (Mikihiro
            Kaneko, Editor-in-Chief)